【留学必看】2016年美国Top20本科申请文书题目及解析

by admitwrite · 2016-05-06

留学申请文书

1、普林斯顿大学 PRINCETON UNIVERSITY #1
1.Please briefly elaborate on one of yourextracurricular activities or work experiences that was particularly meaningfulto you. (About 150words)
请简单描述一个你有帮助的课外活动或工作经历。

2.Please tell us how you have spent the last twosummers (or vacationsbetween school years), including any jobs you haveheld.(About 150 words)
你是如何度过最近两个暑假的?

3.Using one of the themes below as a startingpoint, write about a person, event, or experience that helped you define one ofyour values or in some way changed how you approach the world. Please do notrepeat, in full or in part, the essay you wrote for the Common Application.
用以下题目作为开头描写一个人,一件事,或者一段经历,以及这些事如何帮助你定义自我价值甚至改变你认识世界的方式。所写内容不得与CA上的申请文书有任何雷同之处。

4.Tell us about a person who has influenced you ina significant way.
对你影响极大的一个人。

5.“One of the great challenges of our time is thatthe disparities we face today have more complex causes and point less straightforwardly to solutions.” Omar Wasow, AssistantProfessor, Politics; Founder,Blackplanet.com. This quote is taken fromProfessor Wasow's January2014 speech at the Martin Luther King Day celebrationat Princeton University.Omar Wasow
教授在普林斯顿大学的演讲。

6.“Princeton in the Nation’sService” was the title of a speech given by WoodrowWilson on the 150th anniversary of the University. It became the unofficialPrinceton motto and was expanded for the University's 250th anniversary to “Princeton in the nation’s service and in theservice of all nations.” Woodrow Wilson, PrincetonClass of 1879, served on the faculty and was Princeton's president from 1902–1910.
普林斯顿为国家服务。

7.“Culture is what presents us with the kinds ofvaluable things that can fill a life. And insofar as we can recognize the valuein those things and make them part of our lives, our lives are meaningful.”Gideon Rosen, Stuart Professor of Philosophy, chair of the Councilof the Humanities and director of the Program in Humanistic Studies,PrincetonUniversity.
“文化给我们的生活赋予了价值。”

8.Using a favorite quotation from an essay orbook you have read in the last three years as a starting point, tell us aboutan event or experience that helped you define one of your values or changed howyou approach the world. Please write the quotation, title and author at thebeginning of your essay.
使用你三年内读过的一句话作为开篇,讲述一段改变你价值观或世界观的经历。


2
、哈佛大学 HARVARD UNIVERSITY #2
(You may write on a topic of your choice, or youmay choose from one of the following topics.)
1.Unusual circumstances in your life.
你生命中经历的特殊状况。

2.Travel or living experiences in othercountries.
国外游历或居住经历。

3.What you would want your future collegeroommate to know about you?
你想让你未来大学室友了解你什么?

4.An intellectual experience (course ,project,book, discussion, paper,poetry, or research topic in engineering, mathematics,science or other modes of inquiry) that has meant the most to you.
你感到意义最大的一次体验:课程、项目、阅读、讨论、论文、诗歌、工程研究、数学、科学或其他。

5.How you hope to use your college education?
你会如何运用你的大学知识?


3
、耶鲁大学YALE UNIVERSITY #3
1.What in particular about Yale has influencedyour decision to apply?
耶鲁哪一点使你决定申请该校?

2.What excites you intellectually, really?
什么能引发你对知识的兴趣?

3.Think about a disappointment you haveexperienced. What was your response?
想一想你经历的一次失望。你是如何回应的?

4.Suitestyle living - four to six studentssharing a set of rooms - may be an integral part of your Yale College experience.What would you contribute to the dynamic of your suite?
你未来的宿舍生活方式。

5.What do you wish you were better at being ordoing?
你希望自己哪些方面可以更好或者什么事情可以做得更好?


4
、哥伦比亚大学COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY #4
1.What single activity listed in the activitysection of your Common Application are you most proud of and why? (150 words orless)
请描述最令你感到自豪的一项活动及原因。

2.Please tell us what you find most appealingabout Columbia and why. (300 words or less)
请描述哥大最吸引你的地方及原因。


5
、斯坦福大学STANFORD UNIVERSITY #5
1.Stanford students possess an intellectualvitality. Reflect on an idea or experience that has beenimportant to yourintellectual development,(100 to 250 words)
分享一个对你智力发育至关重要的观念或经历。

2.Virtually all of Stanford's undergraduates liveon campus. Write a note to your future roommate that reveals something aboutyou or that will help your roommate -- and us -- know you better.(100 to250words)写些什么,让你未来的室友更了解你。


6
、杜克大学DUKE UNIVERSITY #7
Duke University seeks a talented, engagedstudent body that embodies the wide range of human experience; we believe thatthe diversity of our students makes our community stronger. If you'd like toshare a perspective you bring or experiences you've had to help us understandyou better-perhaps related to a community you belong to, your sexualorientation or gender identity, or your family or cultural background-weencourage you to do so. Real people are reading your application, and we wantto do our best to understand and appreciate the  real people applying to Duke.(250word limit)
分享你的一段经历,帮助我们更好认识你。


7
、宾夕法尼亚大学 UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA #7
The Admissions Committee would like to learnwhy you are a good fit for your undergraduate school choice (College of Artsand Sciences, School of Nursing, The Wharton School, or PennEngineering).Please tell us about specific academic, service, and/or researchopportunities at the University of Pennsylvania that resonate with yourbackground, Interests,and goals.
(400-650 words)宾大的学术、服务和研究机会是如何与你的背景、兴趣和目标产生共鸣的?


8
、加州理工学院 CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY #10
1.Members of the Caltech community live, learn,and work within an Honor System with one simple guideline; 'No member shalltake unfair advantage of any other member of the Caltech community.' Whileseemingly simple,questions of ethics, honesty and integrity are sometimespuzzling. Share a difficult situation that has challenged you. What was yourresponse, and how did you arrive at a solution?
加州理工学院非常看重学生的诚信素质,请分享一个你曾遇到过的诚信方面的挑战,以及你是如何解决这个问题的。

2.Caltech students have long been known fortheir quirky sense of humor,whether it be through planning creative pranks,building elaborate party sets, or even the year-long preparation that goes intoour annual Ditch Day. Please describe an unusual way in which you have fun.
加州理工的学生都具有很强幽默感,请谈一谈你独特的娱乐方式。

3.In an increasingly global and interdependentsociety, there is a need for diversity in thought, background, and experiencein science, technology, engineering and mathematics. How do you see yourselfcontributing to the diversity of Caltech's community?
当今社会需要我们具有多元化的视角,你能够为学校所在社区的多元化贡献什么?

4.Scientific exploration clearly excites you.Beyond our 3:1 student-to-faculty ratio and our intense focus on researchopportunities, how do you believe Caltech will best fuel your intellectualcuriosity and help you meet your goals?
加州理工一向重视学生科学素质的培养,为什么你相信加州理工能更好地帮助你达成目标?


9
、达特茅斯学院 DARTMOUTH COLLEGE #10
(Choose one of the following questions.)
1.Every name tells a story: Tell us about yourname--any name: first, middle, last, nickname--and its origin.
说说你的名字和它的故事。

2.Tell us about an intellectual experience,either directly related to your schoolwork or not, that you found particularlymeaningful.
描述对你特别有意义的一段智力体验。

3.When you meet someone for the first time, whatdo you want them to know about you, but generally don’t tell them?
你最想让陌生人了解你什么?

4.Describe the influence your hero has had onyour life.
谈谈你心目中的英雄对你的影响。


10
、约翰霍普金斯大学 JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY #12
Johns Hopkins University was founded in1876 ona spirit of exploration and discovery. As a result, students can pursue amulti-dimensional undergraduate experience both in and outside of theclassroom. Given the opportunities at Hopkins, please discuss your currentinterests—academic or extracurricular pursuits, personalpassions, summer experiences, etc.—and how you willbuild upon them here. (300-500Wordlimit)
谈谈你目前的兴趣点(学术、课外活动等),以及你将如何更上一层楼。


11
、西北大学 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY #12
Northwestern Statement: What are the uniquequalities of Northwestern - and of the specific undergraduate school to whichyou are applying - that make you want to attend the University? In what ways doyou hope to take advantage of the qualities you have identified? (300 wordmaximum)
西北大学哪一点打动了你?你希望自己如何使用它?


12
、布朗大学 BROWN UNIVERSITY #1
We all exist within communities or groups ofvarious sizes, origins, and purposes; pick one and tell us why it is importantto you, and how it has shaped you. (150 word limit)
从小到大你一定参加过很多不同种类的社群和团体,选择一个对你来说十分重要的社群或团体,说一说它如何塑造了你。


13
、康乃尔大学CORNELL UNIVERSITY #16
How have your interests and relatedexperiences influenced the major you have selected in the College ofAgriculture and Life Sciences? (Please limit your response to 650 words.)
你的兴趣和相关经历是如何影响你的专业选择的?


14
、莱斯大学RICE UNIVERSITY #18
1.With the understanding that the choice ofacademic school you indicated is not binding, explain why you are applying tothat particular school of study. (150 word limit)
谈谈你为什么申请这个学院。

2.How did you first learn about Rice Universityand what motivated you to apply? (250 word limit)
你是如何了解到莱斯大学,以及你申请的原因?

3.In keeping with Rice’s long-standing tradition (known as “The Box”), please share an image of something that appeals to you.
根据莱斯大学长久以来的传统“The Box”,请分享吸引你的一张图片。


15
、圣母大学 UNIVERSITY OF NOTREDAME #18
(Select two of the following four prompts andprovide a response of approximately 150 words to each.)
1.A good story starts with a good beginning. Getus hooked in the first 150 words.
好的开始是成功的一半。

2.Blessed Basil Moreau, the founder of theCongregation of Holy Cross, described education as “the art of helping young people to completeness.” How are you incomplete?
教育就是“让人完整的艺术”。讲一讲你的“不完整”。

3.Notre Dame students are encouraged to learnthrough discovery by interacting with the world around them. Describe yourideal intellectual field trip.
你理想的“遨游于知识的海洋”是怎样的场景?

4.Initiate an in-person conversation withsomeone whom you've never met but who you think might be interesting. What didyou learn about that person or yourself?
发起一场和陌生人的对话,你从中认识到什么?


16
、埃默里大学EMORY UNIVERSITY #20
1.Emory University welcomes first-year studentswith two distinct options to begin their liberal arts education: theresearch-infused Emory College or the smaller, experiential learning OxfordCollege. If you could create an academic course that is in the Emory Universityspirit of collaboration, creativity, entrepreneurship and inquiry, what wouldit be? What impact would the course have on you and your classmates’ educational experience? (500 word limit)
如果让你新开一门课,你会开什么课?你预期这门课会对你和其他学生产生怎样的效果?

2.What is something you have taught yourself inthe last year? How did you teach yourself this new skill or concept and whatwas the result? (500 word limit)
去年你自学的一项技能/一门知识,你是如何自学的,结果如何?


新增题目部分
1、Some students have a background,identity,interest,or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story.
解析:
对有的人来说,背景、身份、心情或才能是如此重要。如果没有这些,这个人的申请就不能算是完整。如果你也有同感,请和我们分享你的故事。

2、The lessons we take from failure can be fundamental to later success. Recount an incident or time when you experienced failure. How did it affect you, and what did you learn from the experience?
解析:
失败是成功之母。讲述你的一次失败的经历,并说明这次失败怎样影响你,你从这次失败中学会了什么。

3、Reflect on a time when you challenged a belief or idea. What prompted you to act? Would you make the same decision again?
解析:
请回忆一次你挑战某种观点或信念的经历。是什么促使你这么做?如果再给你一次机会重新选择,你是否仍然会这么做?

4、Describe a problem you’ve solved or a problem you’d like to solve. It can be an intellectual challenge, a research query, an ethical dilemma-anything that is of personal importance, no matter the scale.Explain its significance to you and what steps you took or could be taken to identify a solution.
解析:
请描述你解决过或者希望解决的一个难题。这个难题可以是智力挑战、研究问题或是道德问题,范围不限。请解释它对你的重要性,你解决问题采取的措施或者找出解决方案。

5、Discuss an accomplishment or event,formal or informal,that marked your transition from childhood to adulthood within your culture,community,or family.
解析:
请讨论一下发生在你的文化、社区、家庭范围之内的标志着你变得成熟的一个成就或一件事,这件事可以是正式的或者非正式的。



加州大学9个分校都是共用一个申请系统,所以申请文书题目和要求也都是一样的,UC 系统personal statement个人陈述一共两篇,两篇文书的字数上限合计1000个单词,所以每篇文书的字数由同学们根据题目和个人发挥自己把控,但每篇字数不得少 于250个单词。

 

下面是对UC系统申请文书两个题目的翻译,以及写作解析:
Prompt 1: Describe the world you come from — for example, your family, community or school — and tell us how your world has shaped your dreams and aspirations.
题目翻译:描述你来自的世界,例如你的家庭,社区或学校。告诉我们,你的世界是如何塑造你的梦想和愿望(追求)的。


解析:
大部分同学在写这篇文书时通常会选择写自己的家庭、自己的父母或自己的学校,但这些不够抓眼球和独特性。启发大家可以题材更多元和开阔些,比如可以写一些和你有直接关联的小团体或小群体,比如你在美国的寄宿家庭、你暑期实习的部门、你参加的专业兴趣小组、你参加的业余爱好聚乐部、你暑期去别的国家参加的暑校小组等等,可选题材其实非常非常多,新颖的“故事”和经历能够更好的把你自身特色和成就体现出来,也能避免录取办公室的“视觉疲劳感”。具体拟写时,同学们要注意把收获和回报这两个重要方面都能涉及到,尤其是通过你的不同和贡献带来的变化,当然如果还有潜在的公众价值就更棒了!

如果你并没有特别新颖的“素材”依旧写你的家庭或你的学校也是没问题,只要陈述观点是正确、积极且有逻辑的,保守路线也是可以的,但是特别提醒同学们注意题材选择切忌不要太“高大上”。举个例子,我之前一位学生写的是他的世界是中国,然后大篇幅的写中国传统美德,这个素材太“高规格”了,你会很难驾驭,而 且一个17、18岁的学生很难靠自己一个人去代表整个国家的文化文明, 所以这就不是一个好选题,从一开始这位同学就选错了。


这个题目可以很好的向招生官展示你的价值观、你的原动力,有的学生的成长环境是充满困难、艰辛和挑战的,有时候痛苦的经历可以让你更好的成长,你可以进行真实的陈述,但切忌不要写成对自己经历和环境的发牢骚和抱怨,也不要写成过于虚假的心灵鸡汤式,重点要去展示你是如何从这样的环境中成长的。
另外,值得提醒的是这个题目的后半句,你的梦想和愿望(追求),建议同学们可以大框架先去寻找自己的梦想,这个梦想可以是学术的、个人的、团体的,也可以是与社会相关的。找到梦想后去思考这个梦想的初衷和起源,然后再总结你的世界中什么因素一直推动着你为这个梦想前进着,最好自己提前整理个大框架然后有中 心观点和重点事件的去写,就不会写的凌乱和没主题了。
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Prompt 2: Tell us about a personal quality, talent, accomplishment, contribution or experience that is important to you. What about this quality or accomplishment makes you proud and how does it relate to the person you are?


题目翻译:告诉我们一个对你来说很重要的个人品质、才能、成就、贡献或经历。关于这个品质或成就的什么地方让你感到骄傲,以及它与你的个性有何关系?


解析:
同学们在写这篇文书时要注意把事件的背景陈述清楚,因为我们作为国际学生和美国大学录取办公室是有一些文化和生活环境差异性的,如果你陈述的“个人故事”太具中国元素或特殊性,很难让招生官完全理解你想表达的深层含义和中心“潜台词”,举个例子,我之前一个学生写的是他“盘”手串的故事,通篇还要花很大比重去介绍什么是“盘”手串,如何花心思去“盘”手串,而且美国招生官也大部分并不知道中国文化的“盘”手串。


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